Grow and Care Guide The Plant Croton
What is the plant croton?
Now I’m sure that’s really the only name you’ve probably ever heard it called the Croton the Croton crouton but I’ve also heard it called the garden Croton and the variegated Croton but its scientific name is Codiaeum variegatum. I am very gaydom it is a tropical plant it’s from Indonesia Malaysia and Australia but it’s a very unique plant it’s probably one of the most difficult plants that I’ve ever messed with and I think it’s really funny too because a lot of people they feel one way or the other you either love this plant for its stunning variegation and its beautiful leaf colours or you hate it because it drops leaves quicker than anything else I’ve ever seen in my life.
How do you take care of the plant croton?
How much light do the plant croton need?
I’m here today you can’t talk a little bit about that to kind of help you out in case you do have this plant cause it can be frustrating now.
I know it’s fall so a lot of you have seen this plant all over the stores and you think wow that’s really beautiful it’s got greens and yellows and pinks and kind of reds and different color hues and everything else it’s a really strikingly beautiful plant but unless you know. what you’re doing is a very hard plant to take care of I mean the croton plant drop leaves quicker than I go through money.
so it can be very difficult and that’s really only just because of where it comes from like. I said it is a tropical plant so it needs a good amount of light in fact if your plant looks more green than yellow or red or any other color that means your plants not getting enough light and it will start to kind of turn green so that it can better use more chlorophyll and absorb light better. But if it’s getting plenty of light it will get its beautiful colors and show these different patterns and just really look stunning like the plant is supposed to look.
So I would say medium to bright indirect light is perfect for this plant I mean if you’re getting this plant 1 to 2 to 3 or 4 hours of direct sunlight a day. it should be fine but like I said if it’s turning green you’re not giving enough light it can pretty much survive at any window except the north I think North is not enough light for it to survive I’ve got mine kind of sitting in like the south when it gets ample sunlight in the afternoon in the morning not so much and he seems to be doing fine there so we’ll make sure he’s getting at least two or three hours of direct sunlight a day and then bright sunlight the rest of the day.
How much Watering needs for the croton plant?
The water you really only should water this guy whenever that about top half or inch of the soil is dry so stick your finger down in there and if you see a bunch of like mud and muck and granules and sediment all over your finger it’s not time to water give it a couple of days maybe even a week but check it. periodically stick your finger down there and when you go to pull it back up and you feel no moisture and you see nothing really stuck to your finger it’s time to give him some water so in the spring and summer.
I probably will water him depending on how hot it gets it could get water about every day. But this is mainly an outdoor plant for a lot of people but a lot of people do keep it indoors. So indoors in the summertime, you’re probably not gonna dry the plant out as much so you won’t need to water it is often but in the fall in winter. You will have to decrease the water drastically this plant will kind of go into a resting mode and it won’t really require as much water.
How much Humidity Tolerance needs for the croton plant?
humidity is very important for this plant you definitely should use a humidifier or a pebble tray
and all you need to do for a pebble tray is to just get a longer tray has some walls inside that can actually hold the water inlay. Some pebbles all over it and then fill it up with water. Now you don’t want the plant to make contact with the water. You want it to actually just sit on top of the pebbles so as the water evaporates. It will go kind of up to the leaves and moisten the plant now as I was saying you don’t want the pot.
where it’s actually able to suck in water to make contact with that water or you’ll probably end up just drowning
your roots. But indoors you’re gonna at least need about forty per cent humidity really forty-five to fifty per cent.
Humidity is probably perfect but this guy doesn’t need as much as maybe like a prayer plant or some of your other orchids but it kind of needs a good amount of humidity like.
I said not as much as like an orchid wouldn’t’ or anything like that but I use a humidifier with mine and it seems to have helped now. I believe this is my the third one of these plants that I’ve had the first two died and that’s just because I didn’t give the first one a whole bunch of light so the leaves were dropping a second one I didn’t give enough water so the leaves were dropping but I think third time’s gonna be the charm so wish me luck soil you definitely want something that’s quick-draining.
I’m gonna use my concoction that does have a good amount of sand in it but something that’s made for cacti succulents would really work well you want something that’s gonna be pretty rich in nutrients. So that it will be able to feed the plant for a while but you definitely want it to be able to let the excess water run free. Now you can use the saucer to catch some of the excess water. but you don’t want to keep the roots saturated too long so water it, enough to maybe where a little bit comes at the bottom and then the plant can just suck, that back up but if you’ve got an inch 2 or 3 inches of water in there drink up it out because before, we can process all that it’s actually gonna dive root rot now.
These leaves are a magnet for dust and dirt especially the ones with the larger leaves they collect dirt like. it’s nobody’s business so your plant to favor and kind of wipe it down, what I usually do is take distilled water and do about three parts water to one part lemon juice and then I soak a washcloth down in there soak, it up and then wipe the leaves down on both sides and it’ll
retain a nice shine and actually not kind of smother out for the stomata and let the plan actually breathe.
How much Temperature Preferences for the plant croton?
The temperature this guy is tropical so he does like really hot weather kind of hot and humid just like we kind of like it on the hot side. I know a lot of us don’t look at how a bunch of humidity but as far as temperature goes we pretty much share the same kind of opinion on temperature,
I think if it’s gonna be hotter than about 90 95 100 you want to make sure your plant does if it outside has some kind of protection from the Sun. The hotter part of the day if it gets down to about 55 to 50, I would actually bring your plant indoors and make sure it’s able to be protected from the code and it will not survive frost this guy is tropical.
So make sure you do not leave it outside whenever the brisk autumn air comes a-calling because you can’t kill your plant.
Can I have croton plants with cats?
A little disclaimer this guy is extremely toxic the roots the leaves the stems the seeds it is all very very toxic so be very careful now, this plant isn’t really toxic unless it’s ingested. So if you have a kid especially young curious one. I wouldn’t even keep the plant, just because like I said they do drop leaves relatively easily and if somebody were to walk by and pick it up curiously just kind of nibble on it.
It may end up killing your cat your dog or anything else so that being said I have one and I have an indoor cat and indoor dog. I kind of keep mine up a little bit
so that they’re not able to combine nibble on it but anytime you do handle the leaves and touch, all over it you
repot and you trim your roots up I would wash your hands and wear gloves.
It has been known to actually cause eczema and some people so it can irritate the skin pretty well and it’s actually been suspected as a carcinogen meaning that it actually can cause cancer now that’s not for sure yet. so we don’t know but I wouldn’t take the chance, you don’t want to get to be about 40 50 60 years old and find out that one of your best friends have secretly been giving you little cancer or anything like that, so just be cautious use preventative measures like.
I said wash your hands and wear gloves pick the leaves up throw them away and make sure no squirrels or anything else like that it might find it. I don’t think that they’re really drawn to anything like that but you never know. so just be careful with that Again if your plant is getting kind of tall and lanky and you don’t really like that anywhere, that you kind of see new growth on a stem,
You can take your thumb or pruning shears and just kind of pinch about an inch to half an inch off and that will actually cause the plant to start pushing out a little bit more pinching it off is an actual term, So like I said just kind of pinch it back and instead of getting tall and lanky the tree will actually kind of Bush out and get a little bit wider.
Propagation this a plant can be propagated by cuttings and air layering seeds. You can also propagate with seeds as well.
Pests now I really wanted to get this plant at Walmart, They had the larger ones but they hadn’t marked them all
down and they were all crowded on this shelf and you could tell that their leaves were dropping a whole lot too and I picked it up and I can see a bunch of little white dots that were kind of moving around on the soil
always always always make sure you look at your plant and kind of check, it out to make sure you don’t see any kind of anything hanging off any pests, any kind of disease, you don’t want to see a whole bunch of Brown tips this coloured leaves meaning brown or black or any kind of holes in the leaves might mean that something’s kind of been munching on it and checked out in the pot as well because you’ll see a lot of leaves in there but it might look like it’s full just kind of move your finger around in there and if they look like.
They’re moving a whole lot pick them up and see if they’re coming off really easily I wouldn’t buy that plant and now they do like to drop leaves pretty easily but if it’s doing a whole lot that something’s wrong so don’t get that plant and below down around in there. because I couldn’t tell if those little white dots were actually moving but once the air hit them. you could see them kind of scurry around so don’t buy anything that you see anything that might look like a bug cuz you’d rather be safe than sorry.
I know spider mites can be really bad with the crotons and again you can kind of telling if you see a lot of filaments on the leaves spider mites are a little hard to detect about a naked-eye so if you do see those take the plant. out immediately especially if it’s invading kind of paper or anything to make the plant-like more presentable you’ll want to throw that away and a trash can outside if you throw it away indoors the pests can crawl up the trash can and out and get to other plants in your house as well.
I need the loose leaves that are on the plant you want to kind of throw them away and until you know that there’
nothing on the plant. I would throw and discard them outside and again as I was saying you want to take your plant out and use the garden hose and kind of hose it off and that’ll knock any kind of spider mites off the plant check it in a couple of days.
If you still see some more filaments on the leaves take some isopropyl alcohol and apply it to a washcloth and just wipe the leaves down on both sides down around the stems as best you can and may take a time or two of just kind of hosing it off and applying alcohol but that really should kind of eat these spider mites if it’s are really bad if the soil is always really soggy because you know these guys like the humidity so if your soil is fairly wet you may get bugs.
I like to kind of burrow down in the soil and lay more eggs again for that I always use gnat Nick’s it’s just a substance that you can apply to the top of the soil about an inch or two deep and it’ll kill anything that comes in contact with the net Nick’s by puncturing the exoskeleton and killing the pests again.
If anything is hatched and it comes to the soil surface and as soon as it makes contact with the net Nick’s they’ll kill any of the larvae or anything like that so net Nick’s works really well especially if you have a plant that you’ve set outside all summer and you bring it back in for the wintertime and you’re not sure everything’s down in the soil again better safe than sorry. because it will kill it that’s the only thing that I’ve really experienced in the way of piste with this guy other than that though,
I would say repotting the crotons they don’t really like to be rootbound too bad. so if you see roots kind of coming them out of the pots or through the drainage holes in the bottom or you see a whole lot of slow growth. it’s probably time to go ahead and reap pot your Croton and that’s really easy you just want to grab your pots if you’re able to and kind of squeeze, It to loosen up the soil pull that plant out and use a bigger pot so this looks like it’s about a six-inch pot so the next I would go to either 8 or 10 inches and then again I would use any kind of soil that’s quick draining and had a lot of nutrients in it Fox Farm Miracle Grow are all very good substrates to use. because they will feed your plants and actually get rid of the water relatively easily and again. I always use as a little salsa with him just to kind of hold some excess water.
But not a whole bunch now the main reason. I was drawn to this guy aside from the striking colors and everything is this plant actually can get fairly large, I think indoors it can reach up to 10 feet, I mean all the conditions have to be met just right, but they can get fairly large indoors and they’ll actually look like a tree, they’ll have a nice kind of bark ish tint or whatever to the stems and the leaves with that and the orange or whatever especially, if you’re using a terra cotta pot it looks really good and as I said I always like large plants and this guy can actually be a large indoor plant so that’s mainly what brought me to him and as I said I’ve always had the worst luck with this guy next hopefully.
I’ll do an update, video on this guy and I’ll probably go ahead and transplant him but, I wanted to go ahead since he’s looking pretty good right now and give you a little update on him and tell you a little bit about it because I know a lot of people have had a bunch of problems with this as I said always this guy is really kind of a diva. so I wanted to go over a little bit and I hope this video has helped you all to realize, what these plants need them to need really bright kind of indirect lights.
How much needs Fertilizers for the croton plant?
High humidity and fertilizers these guys don’t have to be fed a whole a lot. but a typical NPK solution at 10 10 10 usually works really well. they are foliage plants so they really rely on their Lea so they really do like nitrogen. if you could find one that’s maybe 2010 ten would really kind of be perfect for your Croton. but as I said they don’t really require a whole lot in the way of feeding but like.
I said if you’re gonna transplant them and you’re gonna use new kind of purchased substrate would hold off on that because like. The Miracle Grow they can feed these gas for about six months after repotting well guys that’s really all I know about this plant-like I said I hope this video does help you out and answer some of these age-old questions that.
I know this really popular house plant has given a bunch of you it can’t be hard but it is very worth it as I said it is a toxic plant the seeds and everything is toxic, so just kind of keep it up high and hope for the best and like I said if you have any kind of pets or children or anything, that’s known to put things in their mouth. I just wouldn’t keep it guys if you have any questions or concerns make sure you leave me a comment and I’ll do my best to get back.
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